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What Are the Causes of Asthma?

Posted on May 1, 2015

Asthma is a lung disease that interferes with breathing and can cause severe episodes of coughing, wheezing and shortness of breath (asthma attacks). The problem has its origin in the chronic inflammation of the airways that carry air to the lungs. Although there is no cure, there are very effective strategies for finding out what are the causes of asthma and how to keep it under control.
What Are the Causes of Asthma Picture What Are the Causes of Asthma Picture

Asthma symptoms

In severe cases, an asthma attack can be life-threatening. Before finding out what are the causes of asthma, take a look at the most common symptoms.

  • Wheezing
  • Coughing, especially at night
  • Shortness of breath
  • Chest tightness, pain or pressure

What are the causes of asthma?

In most children with asthma and in nearly half of the adults, the disease is an allergy to certain substances present in the air. Even today it is not clear why some people develop allergies to certain substances while others do not. If you’re trying to learn what are the causes of asthma, here’s a brief description.

  1. Allergies to: mold, mites, cigarette smoke, pollen from trees or flowers, foods like eggs or fish.
  2. Allergies to pets is another cause of asthma. If you have this problem, keep pets away from the bedroom.
  3. Air pollution can worsen asthma symptoms, such as the traffic smoke, cigarette smoke, strong perfume, etc.
  4. Regular exercise is a good thing for most people, but it can trigger asthma symptoms in some of them. This does not mean you have to completely give up exercising, but you have to be more cautious.
  5. People who have asthma may notice that their symptoms get worse during certain moments of the year. Changes in temperature, wind, heat, cold, humidity, dry air can increase the chances of an asthma attack.
  6. Cigarette smoke can irritate the lungs and trigger symptoms. Some studies suggest that adults and teens who smoke are more likely to develop asthma symptoms.
  7. Genetic factors – children whose parents have the disorder have a 70% chance of getting asthma.

When to seek treatment:

Now that you’ve find out what are the causes of asthma, it’s advisable to know when to seek treatment, in case you’re suffering from an asthma attack. Seek treatment when:

  • You can not breathe properly and it stops you from breathing, sleeping or talking.
  • Your lips and nails have turned into a shade of blue.
  • The inhaler has no effect.
  • Your symptoms are getting worse and you can’t control them.
    These are signs that the body is not getting enough oxygen.

Diagnostic and treatment

The first step is to consult your doctor. The doctor will perform a physical examination in order to dismiss other diseases, then perform pulmonary tests to see if you’re suffering from asthma. The treatment should allow the patient to lead a normal life, ie to perform all normal activities and of course to exercise. The doctor will aim to maintain the optimal functioning of lungs.

There are both allopathic treatment methods, and natural, that can be chosen, depending on the severity of the disease. There are also small things that you can do around the house to prevent asthma attacks. For example, regular vacuuming is a must. A robotvacuum can be a miracle saver in a house of an asthmatic as it can vacuum as often as needed, even daily. Thus, you will prevent the development of dust mites and the spreading or other allergens. If the robotvacuum is not enough, you can also consider an air purifier which will trap even microscopic particles which could trigger mild asthma attacks. Asthma can be kept under control with inhaled steroids, anti-inflammatory drugs, bronchodilator inhalers, natural treatments such as herbal tea or herbal medication.